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Henderson County, Texas has the city of Athens as its seat. It sits on 160 acres of land which was donated by businessman and merchant Matthew Cartwright for the purpose of becoming the county seat. Named in honor of Athens, Greece a by an early settler, Mrs. Dulcinea Holland who believed that the town would one day be the cultural center of the region. It is also known as the “Black-Eyed Pea Capital of the World.” Its first industries were pottery, a newspaper, and a cotton gin and cottonseed oil mill. During the Great Depression, cotton farmers switched to vegetable and livestock production, and some gas and oil production was done during the 1940s.

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