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The city of Jacksonville, Oregon is situated in Jackson County. It was the county seat of Jackson County until 1927, when that seat was moved to Medford. It was originally called Table Rock City, it was eventually named after the nearby Jackson Creek, which was where the first gold claims were made in the gold rush in 1851. By the end of 1852, more than 2,000 residents. In 1884, the railroad, which everyone had assumed would stop in Jacksonville, bypassed the city and the stop was established in Medford. Numerous residents followed, moving to Medford as well. Jacksonville was designated a National Historic District in 1966 and was described in the Register of Historic Places as a “mid-19th century inland commercial town significant for its magnificent group of surviving unaltered commercial and residential buildings. The town was the principal financial center of southern Oregon until it was bypassed by the railroad.” It has since become a thriving tourist destination and is also a popular retirement community.

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