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The city of Muskogee, Oklahoma, which was made world-famous by the country song “Okie from Muskogee,” sung by Merle Haggard, is the county seat of Muskogee County. The first European settlement was begun in 1817 on the south bank of the Verdigris River. In 1830, President Andrew Jackson’s Indian Removal Act of 1830 forced the Creek Indians, known as the Muscogee Nation, into Oklahoma’s Indian Territory, which the federal government promised them would remain their land forever. They gave their permission for a post office to be established, and it was called Muscogee Station, which would be the name of the town for twenty years until the spelling was changed to replace the “c” with a “k.” In 1872, a train station for the Missouri, Kansas and Texas Railway was established in the area, and the federal courts opened parts of the Indian Territory to non-natives. In 1898, the town incorporated.

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