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Elk City is in Beckham County, Oklahoma which had its beginnings, like many of the cities in Oklahoma, during the Oklahoma land rush in the late 1890s. In 1901, the Chocktaw Town site and Improvement Co. began selling land. The town was originally called Crowe, but the townspeople renamed it Bush, in honor of Anheuser-Busch Brewing Association founder Adolphus Busch, hoping to get a brewery in town or some of the generous Mr. Busch’s money, which he frequently gave away. After it became clear that this was not going to happen, the name of he town was changed to Elk City, and the post office changed its name to reflect that change. The name was taken from Elk Creek. The railroad had cone to Elk City when the Chocktaw, Oklahoma and Gulf Railroad laid the rail on the Choctaw Route. By 1902, the city had more than 60 businesses including a mill, cotton gins, an elevator company, hotels, and boarding houses, and the streets began to be paved with bricks. When Oklahoma became a state in 1907, the prairie town had become a boom town.

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