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The city of Bartlesville, Oklahoma is colocated in Washington and Osage Counties, and it is the seat of Washington County. Jacob Bartles, son-in-law of Delaware Chief Charles Journeycake, settled what is now called Bartlesville in 1875, where he established a trading post on Turkey Creek. In 1875, he bought a grist mill which he modified in order to make flour. Shortly after that, he built a general store with a residence above it as well as blacksmith shop, livery stable, and rooming house in what was called Bartles Town. In 1879, he started the first post office for Bartlesville. In 1897, the first commercial oil well in Oklahoma was established across the fiver from the mill, and the town was incorporated in Indian Territory that same year. The first experiment in pay or subscription television, which used to be called “telemovies,” was sited in Bartlesville in 1957, and the first movie shown on it was Doris Day’s “The Pajama Game.” Bartlesville became a boom town in the early part of the 20th century as oil fields sprang up all around the region, with the United States Department of the Interior allowing oil leasing to commence.

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