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Troy, Ohio is the county seat of Miami County. The town is named after the city of Troy in ancient Greece. Troy was established in 1808 and became the county seat later that year. Its location on the Great Miami River on the Miami and Erie Canal put it at an advantage as far as attracting businesses. Between 1840 and 1850, the population doubled due to the transportation infrastructure which also attracted businesses. In 1846, there were half a dozen churches, three flour mills, five saw mills, a machine shop, an iron foundry, a plow factory, and a shingle factory as well as two newspapers, a bank, a Masonic shop, and a school. In the 21st century, it is largely a suburb of Dayton and Springfield, with residents working at Wright-Patterson Air Force Base and businesses in both of the larger cities.