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Schenectady, New York is situated in Schenectady County and serves as the county seat. The word "schenectady" comes from the Mohawk word for "beyond the pines." It is located on the south bank of the Mohawk River and was settled by Dutch colonists in the 1600s. They were not allowed to be involved in the fur trade due to the Albany monopoly, which was put into place in 1664 when the British took over, so the new settlers became farmers along the river. In 1690, while King William's War was going on, Algonquin and Ojibwe warriors took the town by surprise in what is known as the Schenectady Massacre. The casualties were staggering, with 62 dead, 11 of whom were African slaves, and 27 taken captive, including 5 slaves. Many of the younger captives were adopted by the tribe, replacing their dead. In 1748, during King George's War, the French joined the Indians in another attack on the village, this time killing 70 residents. Much later, in the 1820s, manufacturing had surpassed agriculture as the dominant industry. Throughout that century, companies including American Locomotive Company ad General Electric had been developed there.

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