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The city of Saratoga Springs, New York is situated in Saratoga County. It is called "Saratoga" by locals but should not be confused with the nearby town of Saratoga. The "Springs" in the city's name is reflective of nearby mineral springs. It was established as a settlement in 1819 and a village in 1826. Finally, in 1915, it was established as a city. While it was always known for its minerals and health spa, when the Saratoga and Schenectady Railroad came through in 1832, business began to boom, as thousands of tourists were brought in by rail, and the Grand Union Hotel, which catered to those looking for health, was the largest hotel in the world. In 1863, horse racing and betting were introduced to Saratoga Springs, with most betting establishments being located on the the lake, which is on the southeast side of the city. Once gambling was ruled illegal at the turn of the century, the gambling establishments still prospered, and it wasn't until the 1950s that law enforcement closed the facilities.

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