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Poughkeepsie, New York is officially named the City of Poughkeepsie and is the county seat of Dutchess County. It is nicknamed "The Queen City of the Hudson" and was New York's second capital after the end of the American Revolutionary War. It was bought from the Indians and founded by the Dutch in 1687. It is surrounded by the Town of Poughkeepsie, a separate entity. The colony of New York ratified the United States Constitution at Poughkeepsie's courthouse which is still standing on Market Street. It was famous for its whale rendering industry and later was a center of shipping, paper mills, and breweries around the Hudson River. It was incorporated as a village in 1799 as a city in 1854.

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