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On December 23, 1680, 22 Puritans from Stamford, Connecticut bought three square miles of land called the Hopp Ground from the Mohegan Indian Chiefs for coats, blankets, and wampum worth 46 pounds 16 shillings, and 10 cents. In short order, the town had its own grist mill, meeting house, and burial ground. It was made part of Connecticut in 1697, but a boundary dispute ensued. The dispute was resolved by ing William III stepped in and made Bedford part of New York. It was one of two county seats of Westchester County during the American Revolution after the Battle of White Plains, which was the previous seat.

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