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Los Alamos, New Mexico is the county seat of Los Alamos County. The name is Spanish for "the Cottonwoods." It is built on four mesas and an adjoining canyon. Los Alamos is most famous for being home to the Manhattan Project, which was the United States government's name for the top secret project that invented the atom bomb. In 1942, the U.S. Department of War decided that the Los Alamos Ranch School and the surrounding area would be ideal for what the federal government had planned. The government took the land by eminent domain and closed the school and evicted those living in town. The government trucked in an entire town, including people, both to work on the project and to provide services. All mail to and from Los Alamos was censored, and the mailing address for incoming and outgoing mail as well as birth certificates was PO Box 1663, Santa Fe, NM. Los Alamos National Laboratory was thus established, and it remains active under the U.S. Department of Energy. Everything then took place in secrecy until after the United States dropped the atom bomb on Hiroshima.

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