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The township called Montclair, New Jersey is in Essex County. Azariah Crane and his wife Mary Treat Crane, along with their son Nathaniel came to the area in 1694. Azariah built their home near what it now the intersection of Myrtle Avenue and Orange Road. Soon, others joined them in the settlement called Cranetown. Cranetown's name was eventually changed to Montclair, after the French term "mont clair," which means "clear mountain." According to local tradition, George Washington and the Marquis de Lafayette were in Montclair for a short period of time, and a large boulder downtown marks ""Washington's Headquarters." It was formed as a township in 1868 from parts of Bloomfield Township in order to allow a second railroad to be built to Montclair. In 1894, it was reincorporated as a town. In the last half of the 20th century, Montclair officials repeatedly protested the inequities in the federal revenue sharing system. In 1980, they passed a referendum which changed the name of the town to the Township of Montclair, in order to partake in the federal revenue sharing policies which allocated a greater share of government aid to townships.

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