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The borough of Glen Ridge, New Jersey is situated in Essex County. In 1666, sixty-four families from Connecticut, led by Robert Treat, bought land from the Lennilenape Indians which included what would become Bloomfield, Montclair, Belleville, and Nutley. The settlers named area New Ark, as they had a covenant to worship freely and without religious persecution. Bloomfield was established in 1812, and Glen Ridge was a section of Bloomfield which was on the hill and made up of mostly farms and woodlands, as well as a small but robust industrial area along Toney's Book in the glen. There were water-powered mills which made calico, lumber, pasteboard boxes, and brass fittings as well as a sandstone quarry and a copper mine. With the 1856 construction of the Glen Ridge station of the Newark and Bloomfield Railroad, and a second station for the New York and Greenwood Lake Railway station, Glen Ridge slowly evolved into a suburb. A 300-bed hospital was built in 1891 and the Glen Ridge Country Club in 1984, completed the transition. Glen Ridge was incorporated as a borough in 1895, taking portions of Bloomfield Township. In 1982, the name was changed to the Township of Glen Ridge Borough, and in 1993, it was restored to Glen Ridge Borough.

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