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Fairfield, New Jersey is situated in the northwest corner of Essex County. The first Europeans to settle in the area were the Dutch, who arrived in 1669. They bought the land which s now Fairfield from the Indians and named it Gansegat, which means duck's pond in Dutch. It was originally part of the Horseneck Tract, which encompassed what is now Caldwell, West Caldwell, North Caldwell, Cedar Grove, Essex Fells, Roseland, Verona, and parts of West Orange and Livingston. The township was originally called Caldwell Township. In 1963, it was renamed Fairfield Township as the result of a referendum which passed the day before the renaming.

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