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Richmond, New Hampshire is situated in Cheshire County. Colonial Governor Jonathan Belcher of Massachusetts chartered the town in 1735, granting land there to soldiers who were returning from Canada. The original name of the town was Sylvester-Canada, after Captain Joseph Sylvester of Scituate, Massachusetts. Captain Sylvester was killed in 1690 in battle while trying to capture Quebec. In 1741, the long-standing boundary dispute between New Hampshire and Massachusetts was resolved by King George II, and the town was in the Province of New Hampshire. It was incorporated in 1752 by Colonial Governor Benning Wentworth who changed the name to Richmond in honor of Charles Lennox, 3rd Duke of Richmond. The town was settled in 1757, primarily by settlers from Massachusetts and Rhode Island. The first town meeting was held in 1765 at an inn which belonged to resident John Cass, who acted as moderator that night. The first post office was established in 1812, in a corner store owned by the newly-designated postmaster, Job Bisbee.

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