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Pittsburg, New Hampshire is situated in Coos County. It is named in honor of Prime Minister of Great Britain William Pitt. It is the largest town by area in New England and the northernmost town in the state of New Hampshire. It was settled in 1810 and called the Territory of Indian Stream. On July 9, 1832, it became an unrecognized constitutional republic after the boundary between the Province of Quebec and Indian Stream Territory became a large disagreement. Both sets of grantees sent in their tax collectors and debt-collecting sheriffs, thereby leading to the residents being double-taxed. Their Constitution declared that they agreed to form "a free, sovereign and independent state, so far as it relates to our own internal Government till such time as we can ascertain to what government we properly belong." The fledgling republic continued to be plagued, however, because the Coos County sheriff continued to be involved in their affairs, and the New Hampshire militia was poised to invade them. The militia remained ready to march, and the sheriff entered the territory before the. On August 4, 1835, he met with about 40 members of the assembly and issued an ultimatum: They could rejoin the United states and be annexed by New Hampshire or they would face forcible occupation.  The vast majority of the assembly decided the better choice was annexation and a return to the United States. The republic was kaput on August 5, 1835. The original land dispute was finally settled by the Webster-Ashburton Treaty in 1842.

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