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The city of Lebanon, New Hampshire is in Grafton County. It was chartered by Colonial Governor Benning Wentworth on July 4, 1761. It was named after Lebanon, Connecticut, from whence many of the early settlers came. One such settler was the Reverend Eleazar Wheelock, founder of Dartmouth College.  The early settlement was mostly along the Connecticut River, that early settlement now being called West Lebanon. Furniture mills, machine shops, a woolen textile, a tannery, and clothing factory were the fledgling settlement's mainstays. The railroad came through in the late 1800s, making Lebanon a hub. That hub would later become known as Westboro after confusion between the towns of Lebanon and West Lebanon were the cause of the collision of two trains. The town went into decline during the mid-20th century, with two major fires having destroyed much of the mill district. Urban renewal made the devastation worse. It was the Interstate Freeways which breathed new life into the town, along with the relocation of the Dartmouth-Hitchcock Medical Center and much of the Dartmouth Medical School to Lebanon.

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