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Gorham, New Hampshire, in Coos County. is located in the White Mountains. First chartered by Colonial Governor John Wentworth in 1770, it was first settled in 1802. The settlement was not much more than some stores and stables, small logging operations, and farms established on rocky, unproductive soil. It was incorporated in 1836 with 150 residents and named in honor of Gorham, Maine, which was the home of one of the residents, Lot Davis, who was, additionally, a member of the Gorham family. In 1851, the Lawrence and Atlantic Railroad arrived, giving Gorham the opportunity to become a railroad town. The trains carried passengers from Boston the the seacoast and to White Mountain Station. A major locomotive yard and repair facility were erected, and the Alpine House, Gorham House, Mount Madison House, and Willis House were established for housing travelers. In 1861, the first travelers rode up the Mount Washington Carriage Road, an attraction which remains the areas most popular, with its 8 miles of winding road to the summit of the Presidential Range of the White Mountains.

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