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The city of Dover, New Hampshire is found in Strafford County, where it is the county seat. In 1623, Edward and William Hilton entered the region. They were sent by the Company of Laconia in London in order to start both a colony and a fishery. Fishmongers by trade, they settled near the confluence of the Piscataqua and Bellamy Rivers. They named the settlement Cochecho Plantation, keeping the Abenaki name. One of the colony's four original townships, Dover is the oldest permanent settlement in the state and seventh oldest in the United States. In 1633, Cochecho Plantation was purchased by a group of English Puritans who had banded together in order to promote and grow the colonies. The group, which included William Fiennes, 1st Viscount Saye and Sele, Robert Greville, 2nd Baron Brooke, and John Pym were able to attract many new immigrants, mostly from England. In 1637, the town was named Dover by the governor, Reverend George Burdett. In 1639, it was renamed Devon, in honor of a settler named Thomas Larkham, who had preached at Northam in Devon. The plantation was sold again in 1641 to Massachusetts, which again named it Dover. In September of 1676, 400 Indian braves were tricked into a position which allowed them to be captures near Dover. Nearly half of them were sent to Massachusetts where they were either hung or sold into slavery for crimes committed during King Philip's War. In June of 1689, which was very early in King William's War, Dover was attacked by Indians in retaliation. In the end, 23 settlers were killed and 29 were captured and sold into slavery in New France. The settlement survived, despite the capture or death of a quarter of its population, and in 1812, the Dover Cotton Factory became the major business in Dover. It expanded and became the Dover Manufacturing Company in 1827. The Cocheco Manufacturing Company bought out the Dover Manufacturing in 1827, and the Industrial Revolution was in full bloom in Dover.

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