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Chesterfield, New Hampshire is situated in Cheshire County. The town was granted by Governor Jonathan Belcher of Massachusetts and was designated as the place where Fort Number 1 would be. That fort was to be the first in a series of forts which bordered the Connecticut River. The town was incorporated in 1752 by Governor Benning Wentworth and named in honor of Philip Stanhope, 4th Earl of Chesterfield. The first settlers, William Thomas and Moses Smith, canoed up the Connecticut River in 1761. While the farmland was fabulous, inviting farmers from all over, it was also home to manufacturing, particular hand tools and spinning wheel parts. In 1772, the first religious services in New Hampshire were held at the Robertson farm. In 1803, Francis Asbury, who was one of the first two bishops of the Methodist Episcopal Church in the United States, preached at Asbury Church in Chesterfield. Asbury Church is considered the "Mother Church of Methodism," and services there have been held every Sunday for more than 225 years. Additionally, Chesterfield's Spafford Lake is one of the region's oldest resorts.

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